Rapid Changes in Earth's Surface


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Unit Objectives

  • Unit Goal:

    Students will understand types, locations, and causes of Rapid Changes in Earth's Surface (blizzards, earthquakes, hurricanes, landslides, tornados, tsunamis, wildfires and volcanic eruptions) and will be able to explain how to prepare for and respond to them.

    Essential Concepts:

    Blizzards, earthquakes, hurricanes, landslides, tornados, tsunamis, wildfires and volcanic eruptions cause rapid changes in Earth's surface. These physical processes/natural hazards shape features on Earth's surface and can impact people.

    Understanding and preparing for blizzards, earthquakes, hurricanes, landslides, tornados, tsunamis, wildfires and volcanic eruptions can help keep people safe.

    *Sample Questions:

    • How do ________ (e.g.) change earth's surface, and it what ways can they impact people? What are the best ways to prepare for ___________ (e.g., hurricanes)?
    • What should people do during a ______________ ?
    • What things should be done in the aftermath of a _____________ ?
    • What are some historic examples of _____________ (e.g., volcanic eruptions) and what can we learn from them?

    *Note: Questions should be student-generated (formulated with teacher/librarian guidance).

TEKS Objectives Addressed

  • TEKS Objectives- Rapid Changes in Earth's Surface Unit (3rd Grade)

Academic Vocabulary

  • Science (see Science curriculum, NEISD Intranet)

    • rapid
    • change
    • volcano
    • volcanic eruption*
    • earthquake*
    • hurricane
    • landslide*
    • tornado
    • flood
    • wildfire
    • tsunami
    • blizzard

    *listed as "such as" in TEKS

Spanish terminology:

  • Cambios rápidos en la superficie terrestre (Rapid Changes in Earth's Surface)

    • tormentas de nieve (blizzards)                                  
    • terremotos (earthquakes)                           
    • inundaciones (floods)                                    
    • huracanes (hurricanes)                           
    • deslizamientos (landslides)                                                   
    • tornados (tornadoes)     
    • tsunamis (tsunamis)
    • volcanes (volcanoes)
    • fuegos incontrolados (wildfires)

Social Studies

    • natural hazard- an event in nature, such as a tornado, earthquake, hurricane, or flood, that can cause great harm
    • physical process- natural processes that shape features on Earth's surface
    • physical environment- natural features on Earth's surface

English Language Arts / Reading

    • research plan
    • skim
    • scan
    • author
    • title
    • publisher
    • publication year
    • paraphrasing
    • plagiarism
    • valid (source)
    • reliable (source)

  • Acknowledgements

    This guide was created by NEISD Library Services staff with input from elementary librarians (Fall 2014). Special thanks to Wendy Howk and Sara Romine for their contributions.

    The Guided Inquiry© research model was developed by Ann Caspari, Leslie Maniotes and Carol Kuhlthau. 

    Original source: DeeDee Davenport

     

    Information about Guided Inquiry

    The following resources provide additional information about the Guided Inquiry research model:

    *links to subscription database articles require a login when accessed outside the NEISD network